If there's any thesis to Danner's essay, it's that the GWB administration didn't know how the Iraqi war would turn out and now neither do we. This was written four years into the year. We're nineteen years into the war with no signs of it ending. Now of course you could say that the toppling of Saddam Hussein was the end of the war, but in the administration's own framing, this was Phase One, and Phase Two was what to do next. The first thing they did was call for a de-Baathification of the country, that is, a dismantling in all its forms of Hussein's Baath party, which drove the party members underground.